USDA Issues New Biorefinery and Repowering Assistance Rules
(Feb 28, 2011) USDA recently issued interim final rules for two Energy Title programs in the 2008 Farm Bill: Repowering Assistance Payments to Eligible Biorefineries, and the Advanced Biofuel Payment Program.
USDA is accepting comments on the rules through April 12, 2011. However, by issuing the rules as “interim final rules” rather than “proposed rules,” the Department can implement the regulations now, and then adjust them as necessary after receiving comments.
Repowering Assistance for Eligible Biorefineries
This program implements Section 9004 of the 2008 Farm Bill, Repowering Assistance. Its purpose is to help to “green” ethanol plants with funding for existing facilities to convert their on-site power plants from fossil fuel to renewable biomass. The carbon savings can be significant, with larger plants reducing greenhouse gases by 100,000 tons or more annually. The 2008 Farm Bill committed $35 million in funding for Repowering Assistance.
ELPC commented extensively on USDA’s first proposal for Repowering Assistance, and we are pleased that the Department has agreed in whole or in part with most of our recommendations. For example, the rule largely drops the “rural restriction” requirement that plants had to be located in rural areas.
However, we remain concerned that the program does not sufficiently reward the greatest carbon reductions in funding proposals, so we will comment on the interim final rule as well.
Advanced Biofuel Payment Program
This program implements Section 9005 of the 2008 Farm Bill, the Bioenergy Program for Advanced Biofuels. Its purpose is to encourage production of lower-carbon biodiesel and cellulosic ethanol. Corn starch ethanol is not eligible. It offers production payments for biofuels based on several factors, and we expect that most of this funding will be used for soy biodiesel in the first several years of the new Farm Bill, along with some funding for other oilseed crops. The 2008 Farm Bill included $300 million in mandatory funding for this program.
Key points in the Interim Final Rule include:
- Two-tier payments for both total annual production and yearly increases, with the incentive first prioritizing total production and then, by 2013, equally dividing the incentive payments between total and incremental production.
- Discouraging use of forest biomass in several ways, notably by limiting payments for fuels produced from forest biomass to only 5 percent of total annual funding.
- Encouraging carbon savings with a “BTU bonus” for biofuels that meet U.S. EPA renewable fuels standard (RFS) requirements.
The Interim final Rule is available here, and comments are due April 12, 2011.